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It's no secret that the COVID-19 pandemic has presented challenges for instructional designers. It's been a time of uncertainty and adaptation as we navigate new ways of teaching and learning. However, even though the pandemic has been overwhelming at times, it's exciting to think about the possibilities that lie ahead.
Andragogy (adult learning theory) first appeared as a learning theory in the 1950s, and in 1968 Malcolm Knowles extended the research by presenting six assumptions of andragogy. The author defined andragogy as "the art and science of helping adults learn" (Knowles, 1988, p. 43). The theory is focused on the difference between adult learners' needs as opposed to pedagogy, which is centered on the needs of younger learners.
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Without question, the rapid shift to ERT significantly impacted the credibility of online learning (Zimmerman, 2020). However, correcting the misconceptions surrounding ERT vs. online learning may provide an accurate view of quality online education and create a new interest in distance learning and training as a viable option for the future (Samson, 2020).
Adult learners are known by a wide variety of names — including non-traditional students, adult students, returning adults, adult returners, mature learners and many more — and they have an even wider variety of cultural and educational backgrounds, abilities, responsibilities and experiences.
Creating a welcome video can be a great way to introduce yourself to students in your online course. I created this video as an introduction to my Strategic Training and Development Course.
A rubric is a learning and assessment tool that articulates the expectations for assignments and performance tasks by listing criteria, and for each criteria, describing levels of quality from excellent to poor (Andrade, 2000; Arter & Chappuis, 2007; Stiggins, 2001). The clarity of rubrics is the most important characteristic for its comprehension and application.
Quality Matters (QM) is a continuous improvement model for assuring quality of online and hybrid/blended courses through a peer review process. To meet Quality Matters expectations, a course must meet all the Essential Standards AND achieve a total overall score of 85 out of 100 points.
In Assessing the Online Learner (Palloff & Pratt, 2012), , the authors present effective assessment as not only an element of good course design, but a key component in student engagement.
In 2013, I took a position as training director of a crisis hotline. The majority of call agents worked remotely from locations all around the world. Even though the virtual training program was successful, the process could have benefited from an AAR during the train the trainer phase.
As an instructional designer and educator, understanding and using Bloom's revised taxonomy is crucial to creating significant learning experiences. An important part of the course design process is aligning the Bloom's levels with the topic.